This young man from Guantánamo explained to me that "Fidel" was far more interested in stopping female prostitution than male. This young man was only 18 at the time of the interview, hence he would have been nine at the initiation of the Special Period and 12 when the dollar was legalized. This effort was largely successful, all but eliminating prostitution by 1961. Bugarronismo left intact traditional gender roles: Sexual object was less important than sexual act, so that penetration of another man did not irreparably call into question a Cuban's gender identity. One pinguero told me that this was so that Fidel could not see what was really going on with the "chicos de la calle." According to him, while "Fidel"as proxy for the state apparatusdid know what. Samuel Feijoó, "Revolución y vicios El Mundo, April 15, 1965,. If you are accessing this website from a country which prohibits access to adult content or any associated activities, you do so at your own risk. Police demand their identity cards and interrogate any Cuban whose familial residence is not listed as Havana Province. The state has been forced by economic exigency to admit capitalist incursion and relinquish some of its economic and ideological autonomy. This commodification reaches not only the bodies and desires of the pingueros, but also their sexual and gender identities, and this is a third consequence of capitalist incursion. I feel scared and ashamed. Many of them want a holiday romance, or even a long-term relationship with a Cuban man, and so they want, and will ask for, a "gay" Cuban.

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Because she Cuba wants to show the world that she's a country without prostitution, without hunger, that everyone who lives here is equal with no social differences." Another answer had to do with Fidel. Unless otherwise noted, all"s unattributed in the text are from male Cuban sex workers interviewed between July 1999 and July 2000 in Havana. Jineteras demonstrate this in their very bodies, and so they are an intolerable reminder of the growing power of external capital in internal affairs. Cecil Mink, Jerl Surratt, Joann Wilson, and the cuny/Caribbean Exchange Program of the City University of New York. The transformation of sex, body and desire into a marketable product is precisely what I mean by "commodification of desire and the construction of an economic categorythe pingueroto contain that product is what I mean by "commodification of identity." "Pinguero". By continuing to browse the site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. "When two people are in bed, there is always something economic that complements or impels sex.". I accepted it because I knew that it wasn't in the spirit of payment. Some of the younger pingueros admit that "for me, being a pinguero is a business. In the realm of homoerotic sexual behavior insertive partners are rare and prized in Cuba as elsewhere, and so a maricón has always been willing to entice his bugarrón with a material incentive. Ernesto Meléndez Bachs, "Presentation of a Law on Foreign Investment delivered to the National Assembly of People's Power, September 4, 1995. So capitalism, through the logic of market relations, has claimed these young men from a world of (relatively) nebulous and permissive sexual experimentation and forced them into a concrete category which announces to themselves, to each other and. This is why "the pinguero killed the bugarrón." Capitalism cannot tolerate ambiguity, not least in identity, and particularly when a certain identity carries with it the potential for profit from exploitation of resources. And his profession was not sex per se, but rather the dollars that sex could bring in the new tourist economy of the neighborhood of El Vedado in central Havana.

in the level of police activity at both Yara and Fiat. A relationship between a bugarrón and his maricón was often more than a sex-for-money exchange; it may have lasted for years and involved exchange of favors or cohabitation. This in turn allowed the beginning of a standardization of pricing and it irrevocably unmasked an increasingly material interest in the sex relation, despite the continued effort of many of the workers to construct the work as relational. And this is not likely to lead to more freedom of gender expression, for either men or women, than has been present earlier in the history of the Revolution. More like a gift. This site uses cookies. He didn't know about Fidel's Decree Law 50 which had as early as 1982 provided the first "revolutionary legal base for normalizing and organizing the process of foreign investment nor about the Fourth Party Congress of 1991 that paved. It is also true that a currency exchange would lay bare the sometimes material interest in the bugarrón-maricón sex act. You can view the website without registration. Derrick Hodge is a doctoral student in Anthropology at the City University of New York and a medical anthropologist at the Harvard Medical School's Department of Social Medicine. ...